Geeks appreciate
science fiction because it allows them to fulfill their dorky desire
to, for instance, travel through space vicariously through their
favorite Star Trek fleet commander or make friends with robots that
they can program to be as socially awkward as they are. But the rest
of us non-nerds owe science fiction a lot of gratitude – however
grudgingly – because without this genre, the world would have far
fewer cool inventions. Initially, the types of technology that exist
in science fiction might sound unrealistic, and then at some point
human civilization reaches a stage where it actually becomes
possible. Check out this list of 10 works of science fiction that
inspired real inventions.

1. Rossum’s
Universal Robots
by Karel Čapek

Predictions about
robot butlers and maids haven’t come to fruition quite yet, but
there’s no question that AI technology is becoming more advanced by
the day, and that we have become heavily dependent on industrial
automation. But back in 1920, Karel Čapek wrote a play about
blissfully ignorant human-like robots who proceed to rebel against
and overthrow the human race. His ideas were utterly remarkable and
far ahead of its time, especially when you consider that the spoon
was pretty as high-tech as things got in those days.

2. Twenty
Thousand Leagues Under the Sea
by Jules Vernes

Vernes’ classic
1870 novel about underwater sea explorers who traveled more leagues
than you could possibly imagine captured the imagination of American
inventor Simon Lake, who couldn’t have been born with a more ironic
last name. The story inspired him to invent the first submarine in
1898, dubbed the Argonaut. For his efforts, Vernes even sent
him a congratulatory letter. Jealous?

3. War
of the Worlds
by H.G. Wells

Stories about aliens
invading Earth and being greeted with a punch to the face courtesy of
Will Smith is something we all take for granted now, but in 1897 when
Wells published his book about Martians attempting to conquer Earth,
it’s not a scenario that had ever been conceived before. Clearly
aiming to have humans be the aliens that invade rather than the
victims of said invasion, American scientist Robert H. Goddard was
inspired to invent the liquid fueled rocket. Rest of the Universe,
consider yourselves warned.

4. The
Lensman series
by E.E. “Doc” Smith

The Lensman novels,
published in the 1930s and 40s, chronicled the space adventures of
the Galactic Patrol, which featured a ship known as Directrix that
served as the command center for the fleet. A U.S. navy officer
thought it sounded like a pretty nifty idea and as a result
implemented the concept of placing command centers aboard warships in

5. Waldo
by Robert Heinlein

This 1942 short
story was about Waldo Farthingwaite-Jones, a man with a brilliant
mind but who was so physically weak that he wasn’t even able to
lift a spoon. This led him to develop a device consisting of a glove
and harness which allowed him to control a powerful mechanic hand
with a mere movement of his fingers. With the wealth he acquired from
his invention, he built a home in space because, duh, what else was
he going to do with all that money? This story led to the creation of
those remotely operated mechanical hands that are used in nuclear
power plants today.

6. The
World Set Free
by H.G. Wells

This disturbing 1914
work of science fiction was certain prophetic. In this story, humans
have developed the ability to harness atomic power, resulting in a
weapon that was potentially far more destructive than the world had
ever seen. It’s been said that Leo Szilard, a physicist whose last
name is impossible to pronounce so don’t even try, was inspired to
conceive the nuclear chain reaction, leading to the atomic bomb that
leveled Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and thereby proving that if human
civilization wants to destroy itself, all it takes is a few launch

7. Tom
Swift and His Electric Rifle
by Edward Stratemeyer

Fans of “People
getting tasered” YouTube complication videos have author Edward
Stratemeyer to thank. The electric rifle featured in his young adult
Tom Swift novel lead NASA scientist Jack Cover to invent the TASER,
which is an acronym for – you guessed it – Thomas A. Swift’s
Electric Rifle.

8. Robur
the Conqueror
by Jules Vernes

Vernes wasn’t just
inspiring his fans to make his underwater exploration vessels a
reality, his stories lead to breakthroughs in aviation. Robur the
Conqueror – published in 1886 when the idea of flight was still
seen as unachievable – was about an airship called the Albatross.
Igor Sikorsky, who enjoyed reading this book as a boy, would
eventually become the father of the helicopter.

9. Snow
by Neal Stephenson

When Stephenson wrote a fiction novel about a vast online virtual world back in 1992, nobody had any clue that in just a few short years, the technology would exist to make such a game possible. Philip Rosedale, who would go on to create the once-popular Second Life, has stated that Stephenson’s vivid description of what a virtual world could look like served as his inspiration.

10. The original Star Trek TV series

Cellphones were nowhere close to being a thing in the 1960s when Mr. Spoke used a handheld device to communicate remotely with the starship crew, but Martin Cooper of Motorola has credited the show with providing him with inspiration when he designed the first mobile phone in the 1970s.

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